political leadershave literally appliedtheir leaders ’ exhortations W r i t i n g
Founders’ Questionable Ethics
Instructions: First, in your own words, provide a concise butthorough description of eachaction or teaching listed below.Second, in your own words, evaluate each action or teaching from a moral/ethical perspective. In your moral evaluation, you may employemotive and even disapproving language if it befits the action or teaching under consideration.Type your answers in full sentences and employ good grammar.Single space your answers. Do your best. Your professor is aware that you are probably not a religioushistorian.
[When appropriate, do your best to take into account the possible gap between literal and figurative language. Also consider the fact that meticulous historians (who seek to determine the literal or figurative intent of exhortations) examine the extent to which the disciples of religious and political leadershave literally appliedtheir leaders’exhortations. In other words, if they interpreted the message literally, then many of the ferventfollowers wouldliterally obey the message.]
It appears impossible to ethically evaluatethe founder(s) of Hinduism because Vyasa Krishna Dwaipayana was the chief compiler and editor of Hinduism’s most important sacred books, but probably not Hinduism’s founder.In the case of Yehoshua (Jesus) min Natzaret, since there is probably noreliable record of his immoral actions, we have to examine his controversial words instead. If you disagree with that claim, please feel free to present your view with buttressing sources.
This assignmentis ananalytical exercise for adults. This assignment is not meant to weaken anyone’s faith.This is an exposition of the imperfect nature of perhaps otherwise admirable spiritual pioneers. Perhaps these historical accounts generally point to the importance of repentance followed by spiritual and moral growth. Please keep in mind that the scriptural and historical records also meritoriously emphasize the applied virtues of these historical people who foundedthe Planet Earth’s major religions.Siddattha spent his life traveling and showing people how to suffer less. Avraham implored HaShem to spare the guilty people of a city from destruction. Mosheh confronted a king and liberated his people from slavery. Yehoshua taught peopleto love and pray for their enemies,even to the point of beseeching HaShem to pardonand save his own torturers and executioners. Muhammad outlawed female infanticide. Nevertheless, let us not immaturely choose to ignoretheir recorded shortcomings by blindly pretendingthat they all lived their entire lives perfectly. By the way, you are permitted to disagree with this perspective. Your moral evaluations do not need to coincide with the unstated opinions of your professor in order to earn a good grade. Nonetheless, you must complete this report in order to successfully complete this course.
1-Read about what Siddattha Gotama (the Buddha) did to his bride Yasodhara and their newborn son Rahula, according to Chapter 21 of theStory of the Buddha Illustrated Textbook (Buddha’s Biography Coloring Book on Canvas) or more formal written sources.
1a-Concisely but thoroughly DescribeSiddattha’s actions:
1b-Morally EvaluateSiddattha’s actions:
2-Read about what Avraham (Abraham) started, but did not finish,doing to his son Yitzhak, according to
Genesis 22:1-19 (especially verses 9-12).[Be aware that not all rabbinical interpreters agree on the moral nature of Avraham’s actions in this passage.]
2a-Concisely but thoroughlyDescribe Avraham’s actions:
2b-Morally EvaluateAvraham’s actions:
3-Read about what Mosheh(Moses) and the Levite men did tothe Yisraelite idolaters, according toExodus 32
(especially verses 25-28). [Note that the “revelry” in verse 6 probably refers to a fertility religion orgy.]
3a-Concisely but thoroughlyDescribe Mosheh’s actions:
3b-Morally EvaluateMosheh’s actions:
4-Read about what Yehoshua (Jesus) min Natzarettaughthis disciples about self-mutilation, according tothe Gospel according to Saint Matthew 18:8-9 andthe Gospel according to Saint Mark9:43-47.[Note that there are no historical records of Yehoshua’s direct disciples practicing self-mutilation. However, some later Christians have practiced self-flagellation, and some even self-castration in the hopes of mitigating their overpowering sexual drives.]
4a-Concisely but thoroughlyDescribeYehoshua’s message:
4b-Morally EvaluateYehoshua’s message:
5-Read about what Muhammad Ibn Abdullah ultimately did to the men, women, and children of the Banu Qurayza Jews of Yathrib/Madinah in 627, according to Ibn Ishaq’sSirat Rasul Allahor other sources,and Quran 33:26;Quran8:49-58; and Quran 9:29, as referenced by Montgomery Watt on page 268 in our Christopher Partridge and Tim Dowley textbook, A Short Introduction to World Religions.Consult at least 2 reputable sources on the Again, just do your best from these ancient sources.
5a-Concisely but thoroughlyDescribe Muhammad’s actions:
5b-Morally EvaluateMuhammad’s actions:
6-Provide a Bibliography or Works Consulted List.Include all the sources that I have assigned you above, including the books of the Bible, the Quran, the Sirat Rasul Allah, the illustrated biography of the Buddha, our Partridge and Dowley textbook, as well as the other sources that you consult. Perhaps, you will consult your pastor or a scriptural commentary; if so, then include that interview and/or source in your bibliography.Type it according to Chicago-Turabian style, as best you can.
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