job attitudes research commonly uses situational variables W r i t i n g

job attitudes research commonly uses situational variables W r i t i n g

Dispositional Versus Situational Factors and Job Attitudes

Individuals have a variety of personality traits, values, and attitudes that they bring with them into the workplace. These characteristics, whether stable or transient, are termed dispositional factors. Because dispositional factors can be useful in predicting individual behavior and performance across diverse situations, organizations value this information when hiring, developing, and promoting employees.

The concepts of personal dispositions often are referred to interchangeably in the literature as traits, personality, and individual characteristics. Job attitudes research commonly uses situational variables (e.g., pay, work environment, task characteristics) as well as dispositional variables (e.g., conscientiousness, neuroticism) as determinants of job attitudes.

In this Discussion, you will take a position on whether job attitudes are influenced more by situational or dispositions variables. You will also explore how certain aspects such as gender, age, industry, or employee educational level might also play a mediating role.

To prepare for this Discussion:

  • Think about whether job attitudes are affected most by dispositional or situational factors. Consider aspects of gender, age, industry, or educational level that might influence perceptions of situational and/or dispositional factors.
  • Read the article “The Relationship Between Personality and Job Satisfaction Across Occupations.” Consider how individual personality influences career choice and the impact on P-E fit and commitment.
  • Read the article “Person-Environment Fit: A Review of its Basic Tenets.” Think about the individual and organizational attributes that employees consider most important to them. Consider the impact of this and personality profiles on fit and job satisfaction.

Assignment: post a 1-2 page response to the following in APA 7th Edition:

Provide your position on whether job attitudes are affected most by situational factors or by a person’s disposition and justify your position. Explain any aspects of gender, age, industry or employee educational level (or other factors in the literature) that can play a significant role in how situational and dispositional factors affect job attitudes.


Törnroos, M., Jokela, M., & Hakulinen, C. (2019). The relationship between personality and job satisfaction across occupations. Personality and Individual Differences, 145, 82–88.

van Vianen, A. E. M. (2018). Person-environment fit: A review of its basic tenets. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 5, 75–101.

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