human energy transferchapter 6 human energy transfer H e a l t h M e d i c a l

human energy transferchapter 6 human energy transfer H e a l t h M e d i c a l

Energy Spectrum of Exercise

[CLOs: 3, 5] [WLOs: 3, 4]

Many fitness and exercise professionals utilize the energy spectrum of exercise to help them design training and exercise regimens. This spectrum is based on the body’s energy systems and their contributions to the ability to perform certain activities for certain periods of time. Review Chapters 5 and 6 in the course text and watch the Cell Respiration video. Then choose one of the following sports:

  • Bowling
  • Cross country skiing
  • Basketball

For this assignment, address the following:

  • Analyze the different energy systems in the body that contribute to the performance of the activities involved in that sport.
  • Analyze the efficiency of each energy system across the spectrum as well as which energy system utilizes the most energy in the performance of the sport.
  • Evaluate the potential drawbacks to each energy source for the sport chosen.

Your paper should be no more than five pages in length, excluding title and reference pages. You should use at least four additional scholarly sources in addition to the textbook. Format your paper and all citations according to APA style guidelines as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubricfor the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

Remember, all work is checked for plagiarism. I will remind the class of this, because it happens and when it does, it puts your integrity and grade at risk.

Note: The online classroom is designed to time students out after 90 minutes of inactivity. Because of this, we strongly suggest that you compose your work in a word processing program and copy and paste it into the discussion post when you are ready to submit it.

Learning Outcomes

This week students will:

  1. Analyze how aerobic and anaerobic energy metabolism affects optimal energy transfer.
  2. Explain the advantages of having diverse sources of energy.
  3. Analyze the body’s energy systems and their contributions to exercise intensity and duration.
  4. Evaluate the effectiveness of the energy spectrum of exercise in the formulation of optimal training regimens.


Our ability to move depends on how well our bodies are able to use food to release the energy required by our muscles. This week we will examine the body’s diverse energy systems and how they work together to extract energy from food in order to transfer that energy during rest and the stress of exercise. We will also evaluate the effectiveness of anaerobic and aerobic processes in the performance of exercise activities. Additionally, we will analyze how specific energy systems in the body contribute to the duration and intensity of sport-specific exercise activities.

Required Resources

Required Text

  1. Katch, V., McArdle, W., & Katch, F. (2015). Essentials of exercise physiology. (5th ed.). Retrieved from Exercise. Retrieved from the Films On Demand database in the Ashford University Library.
  2. Garner, S. (Writer & Producer), & Tilson, L. (Director). (2003). Energy systems in the body [Video segment]. In M. McAuliffe (Executive Producer), Principles of training: Preparing for a purpose [Streaming video]. Retrieved from Films on Demand database.
  3. Rees, R. (Director). (2013) Cell respiration [Streaming video]. Retrieved from the Films on Demand database.
  4. Thomas, S. E., & Noubani, F. (Writers). (2014). Cell metabolism and respiration[Streaming video]. Retrieved from the Films on Demand database.

Recommended Resources


  1. Hall, K.D. (2010). Predicting metabolic adaptation, body weight change, and energy intake in humans. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 298(3):E449-66. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00559.2009
  2. Hall, K.D., Sacks, G., Chandramohan, D., Chow, C.C., Wang, Y.C., Gortmaker, S.L., & Swinburn, B.A. (2011). Quantification of the effect of energy imbalance on bodyweight. The Lancet, 378(9793):826-837. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60812-X
  3. Kabasakalis, A., Tsalis, G., Zafrana, E., Loupos, D., & Mougios, V. (2014). Effects of endurance and high-intensity swimming exercise on the redox status of adolescent male and female swimmers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(8): 747-756. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2013.850595
  4. Powers, S.K., Nelson, W.B., & Hudson, M.B. (2010). Exercise-induced oxidative stress in humans: cause and consequences. Free Radic Biol Med, 51(5):942-50. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2010.12.009
  5. Scott, C.B. (2011). Quantifying the immediate recovery energy expenditure of resistance training. J Strength Cond Res, 25(4):1159-63. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d64eb5
  6. Scott, C.B., Littlefield, N.D., Chason, J.D., Bunker, M.P., & Asselin, E.M. (2006). Differences in oxygen uptake but equivalent energy expenditure between a brief bout of cycling and running. Nutr Metab (Lond), 3:1.
  7. Scott, C.B., Fountaine, C. (2013). Estimating the energy costs of intermittent exercise. J Hum Kinet, 38:107-13. doi: 10.2478/hukin-2013-0050


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO). Retrieved from http:// href=”http:// target=”_new”>Accessibility Statement
  2. Privacy Policy
  3. Sports Fitness Advisor. (2014). Retrieved from Privacy Policy

Please click on the PowerPoint symbol to download this week’s lecture, or click here to open a PDF version of the lecture.

Remember, all work is checked for plagiarism. I will remind the class of this, because it happens and when it does, it puts your integrity and grade at risk.

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