first student work presiphanie de santiagophilip zimbardoyale universityprofessor emeritus H u m a n i t i e s

first student work presiphanie de santiagophilip zimbardoyale universityprofessor emeritus H u m a n i t i e s

First student work

Presiphanie De Santiago

Philip Zimbardo

Yale University

Professor Emeritus at Stanford University

“Stanford Prison Experiment”

Zimbardo simulated a prison in the Stanford psychology building. He assigned roles of prisoner or guard to 24 volunteers and dress the accordingly. The idea was for those playing the “guard” role, to create a sense of powerlessness for the “prisoners”. The prisoners were stripped and humiliated, they lived in unsanitary conditions and slept on concrete floors. Four of the twelve guards became sadistic. After six days, the experiment was halted but by then, at least five of the “prisoner” roles had already suffered emotional trauma. This experiment was criticized for both ethical and scientific reasons.

Albert Bandura

University of Iowa

David Starr Jordan Professor Emeritus of Social Science at Stanford University

“Bobo Doll Experiment”

Albert Bandura attempted to demonstrate that violent behavior can be learned through reward and punishment. Bandura used a large inflatable toy known as a “Bobo doll”. He then had an adult violently beat and verbally abuse the toy for approximately 10 minutes in front of some children. Once the adult left the room, leaving the children alone with the doll, the children also became verbally and physically aggressive with the doll. This experiment was criticized on ethical grounds because the children were considered to be trained to act aggressively, and in some cases, long term consequences.

Both Bandura and Zimbardo conducted research that is both surprising and unique. I did find interesting that they were able to conduct these experiments. With today’s society and current activists, most likely these experiments would not be approved.


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Second student work

Latarsha Terrell

Susan Clayton Conservation Psychologist
College of Wooster
Professor of psychology and environmental studies
Current position
Psychology Department Chair College of Wooster
Ph.D., Yale University 1987
Psychologist Susan Clayton, Ph.D., spends a lot of time at zoos, mainly to observe peoples connect with animals, nature and how this might lead them to conserve our natural resources. Dr. Clayton’s research examines the ways people think and make personal connections to the natural environment. Dr. Clayton developed an Environmental Identity (EID) Scale to assess how the natural environment plays an essential part in how people think about themselves. The EID scale is available for research purposes: to study the psychology of climate change and people’s social and emotional responses to natural environment changes. Using Dr. Clayton’s research emphasizes climate anxiety, people’s sense of possibly debilitating worry about the impacts of climate change. With help from Bryan Karazsia (Wooster Associate Professor-Psychology), Dr. Clayton developed a measure to assess this anxiety using anxiety scales. By doing this, Clayton considers herself to be part of the conservation psychology community. While the use of conservation psychology, a new field of research using drawings primarily from psychology, encompassing other disciplines and understanding relationships between humans and the natural world and promoting behavior that protects the natural environment.
Koraly Pérez-Edgar, PhD Developmental Psychologist
Penn State
Professor of Child Studies and Psychology
Currently position
Associate professor of psychology at Penn State University,
leading the Cognition, Affect, and Temperament Lab.
Ph. D., Harvard University, 2001
Dr.Pérez-Edgar uses multiple methods of analysis to examine behavior, cognition, and biology in children. Pérez-Edgar discusses one trait known as behavioral inhibition meaning the tendency to show signs of fear and stress in response to unfamiliar stimuli, leading to fear of social circumstances and isolation at clinical levels of anxiety. According to Perez-Edgar’s research, one can identify these traits as early as four months old. Pérez-Edgar examines genetics and monitors brain activity with electroencephalography and magnetic resonance imaging. The information she gathers, such as brain activity changes, heart rate, and stress hormones, helps her identify children at risk for anxiety and prevent its onset. Developmental psychologist Koraly Pérez-Edgar, studies have shown social anxiety disorder often develops in early childhood.
Dr. Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Developmental Psychologist.

3rd response

These are two very important researchers in our society today. Not only is the racism very high in this county, the attack against law enforcement is just as high. What do you think should be done to curb this recent violence against both the minorities as well as the violence against law enforcement? DR M

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