ways to organize your review of related literature

i *Mind Mapping: 1. Cronin, P., Ryan, F. & Coughlan, M. (2008). You could also differentiate other pieces in your folder like books, by starting at 2000, for example. Is there a logic to the way you organized the material? Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. Taking clear, legible notes will help to focus your critical reading and analysis of your literature review sources. Does the amount of detail included on an issue relate to its importance? Organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. The way in which you group authors and link ideas will help avoid this problem. One of the purposes of the literature review is to provide an overview and synthesis of information; grouping similar articles gives you a framework for your overview. This can be a good way to introduce a lot of background and related facets of your topic when there is not much directly on your topic but you are tying together many related, broader articles. In a literature review you will be combining material from several texts to create a new text – your literature review. It should have a single organizing principle: Although your literature review will rely heavily on the sources you read for its information, you should dictate the structure of the review. This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development. Write down all ideas that you’ve identified from reading the literature. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. When taking notes, avoid plagiarism by: keeping track of the difference between information from your sources and from your own ideas; providing clear references, including page numbers; Note taking methods Weissenberg and Buker (as cited by Riley, 2008, pg. How to structure and write your literature review. Organize your review into segments that present themes or pinpoint trends, including pertinent theory. Don’t take any more space than you need to present your ideas.• Remember, a literature review can be termed as discursive prose, not a list summarizing several pieces of literature. In this way you ensure that you are synthesizing the material, not just describing the work already carried out in your field. https://ait.libguides.com/literaturereview, Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach, Topical order (by main topics or issues, showing relationship to the main problem or topic), Chronological order (simplest of all, organise by dates of published literature). CONTRASTING SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT: If you find a dominant argument comes up in your research, with researchers taking two sides and talking about how the other is wrong, you may want to group your literature review by those schools of thought and contrast the differences in their approaches and ideas. Step 2 of your Literature Review – Organizing and Screening. different theoretical approaches; specific concepts or issues; different methodologies employed; level of support or otherwise that they lend to one’s own hypothesis/theory. You can emphasize the timeliness of the topic (“many recent studies have focused on the problem of x”) or highlight a gap in the literature (“while there has been much research on x, few researchers have … The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review. Doing a thorough literature review can benefit you in another important way. Connect ideas with lines to show that they’re related… For example, if the review topic was arts-based research, your review may focus on different ways artistic inquiry was used to understand the creative process, focusing then on the concepts rather than the development. Posted on April 6, 2012 Updated on October 13, 2013. Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach. Sage, ; Hart, Chris. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question. Divide your review into two main parts: 1. 2. For example, one might organize the selected readings by. Has your summary of the current literature contributed to the reader's understanding of the problems. Every thesis must contain a literature review part, normally in chapter 2 or chapter 3. Cronin, P., Ryan, F. & Coughlan, M. (2008). There may be clear divisions on the sets of ideas you want to discuss, in which case your structure may be fairly clear. The active voice of an original sentence can be changed to a passive voice or vice versa. You should only present ideas and only report on studies that are closely related to topic.• Concise - Ideas should be presented economically. A literature review is an important part of a scientific manuscript submitted for publication to a journal. “When you’re doing an in-depth review of the literature, you need to think about your search strategy. The advantage to this method is that it will give you a broad sense of how the field of research has developed over time. Begin with the earliest articles and books and proceed through time to the most recent. Step 2 (this post) involves organizing and screening your information. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. CHRONOLOGICAL (by date): This is one of the most common ways, especially for topics that have been talked about for a long time and have changed over their history. different theoretical approaches; specific concepts or issues; different methodologies employed; level of support or otherwise that they lend to one’s own hypothesis/theory. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. A literature review is used in the introduction and discussion of your manuscripts. Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronological of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published. Regardless of which method you choose, there are a few other significant aspects to keep in mind such as using powerful and logical transitions between ideas. Don’t worry about how these ideas fit together. In most cases, there will be several different possible structures for your review. At other times, you may want to qualify an author's work (using such words as specifically, usually, or generally) or use an example (thus, namely, to illustrate). I’m curious to hear your thoughts on this spreadsheet approach and to also know what other methods you might be using to organize your literature. review. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. 83) suggest three types of organization: Distant to close: Discuss sources which present information most distantly related to your study or thesis before discussing sources most closely relate to your study or thesis. BROAD-TO-SPECIFIC: Another approach is to start with a section on the general type of issue you're reviewing, then narrow down to increasingly specific issues in the literature until you reach the articles that are most specifically similar to your research question, thesis statement, hypothesis, or proposal. PROMINENT AUTHORS: If a certain researcher started a field, and there are several famous people who developed it more, a good approach can be grouping the famous author/researchers and what each is known to have said about the topic. 3. History: The chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. Reference managers allow you to download and save papers in your computer’s library directly from journal websites with just one button click. Categorization is the first step on how to use the literature review for your research. review. It is important that the concepts are presented in an order that makes sense of the context of your research project. Writing the Literature Review Part I (University of Maryland University College) Video that explains more about what a literature review is and is not. It is usually wise to move from broad to narrow. Organise it in stages of how the topic has changed: the first definitions of it, then major time periods of change as researchers talked about it, then how it is thought about today. by date of publication or trend, Revise and proofread your review to ensure your arguments, supporting evidence and writing is clear and precise. Review There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. Different ways to organise your literature review include: Topical order (by main topics or issues, showing relationship to the main problem or topic) Chronological order (simplest of all, organise by dates of published literature) Problem-cause-solution order; General to specific order; Known to unknown order; Comparison and contrast order There are many ways to organize the body of your writing. Words such as: will indicate to your reader how you have analysed the material. With this organisation it can help to look at the citations your articles list in them, to see if there is one author that appears over and over. It is important to note that there are differences in how literature reviews should be presented in each section. Have you been sufficiently critical of design and methodological issues? A literature review is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another. These are the two main ways to organize your literature review. There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. Just like most academic papers, literature reviews must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper. Identify gaps in the research . A Good Literature Review is:• Focused - The topic should be narrow. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study. Overview of the literature review process, including examples of different ways to organize a lit review. Different ways to organise your literature review include: It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. 3. This is an interactive tutorial from Adelphi University Libraries on how to conduct a literature review in education and the behavioural sciences using library databases, This tutorial is from the Writing section of Monash University's Language and Learning Online site, This guide is from the Health Services Writing Centre at the University of Toronto, This guide is part of the Writer's Handbook provided by the Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, This guide provides an introduction to the conduct and organization of a literature review, UWI St. Augustine Campus Libraries - Trinidad and Tobago, Literature Review in Education & Behavioral Sciences, The Literature Review: A Few Tips on Conducting It, Learn How to Write a Review of the Literature, Define or identify the general topic to provide the context for reviewing the literature, Identify overall trends in what has been published about the topic, Identify conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions, Identify gaps in research and scholarlship, Explain the criteria to be used in analysing and comparing the literature, Describe the organization of the review (the sequence), If necessary, state why certain literature is or is not included (scope), organize the review into paragraphs that present themes and identify trends relevant to your topic, each paragraph should deal with a different theme - you need to synthesize several of your readings into each paragraph in such a way that there is a clear connection between the sources, don't try to list all the materials you have identified in your literature search, summarize the main agreements and disagreements in the literature, summarize the general conclusions that have been drawn, establish where your own research fits in the context of the existing literature. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. A literature review is a summary of studies related to a particular area of research. Using a Synthesis Matrix. Methodological: The method or practice applied in a case study can be the basis for organizing a literature review. The Review of Related Literature The review of related literature is an essay that should show why your research needs to be carried out, how you came to choose certain methodologies and theories to work with, and how your work adds to the research already carried out by others. Important: A literature review is not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Another major problem is that literature reviews are often written as if they stand alone, without links to the rest of the paper. A thorough literature review will show the journal editor and referees that you have done your research and are aware of existing research in your field. That way you can group the articles you read by the theoretical framework that each prefers, to get a good overview of the prominent approaches to your concept. You will use common points among the sources you have gathered to help you synthesize the material. annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed I recommend you to take note of these aspects and to summarize them using one or more tables. • When investigating a heavily researched and well-developed area, review only those works that are directly related to your specific research problem. Describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration. e. These elements will then become headings and subheadings n your literature review. Provide your reader with the most general information first, then building toward the specifics of your research concerns. If you read more than one article at a time, its a good idea to organize it in an easily-searchable way. Here's how I do it using Microsoft Word. Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied. Additionally, you need to keep in mind that such a list is not a simple reflection of the main ideas related to your topic. Another helpful idea to manage the process of reviewing the literature is a Synthesis Matrix. Identify new ways to interpret prior research. They also make it very … There are numerous ways to organize the material in a lit. 2) Use Active and Passive Voice One of the easier ways to paraphrase the literature review is to use active or passive voice. Doing this will help you maintain focus on the details while keeping focus on the big picture and the overall chain of logic inherent in your review. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Have you indicated the purpose of the review? Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context. This will give completeness to your … Use a reference manager like Endnote (purchase required) or Zotero (free). Literature reviews synthesize large amounts of information and present it in a coherent, organized fashion. Organize your literature review chronologically or historically. Reveal any gaps that exist in the literature. Plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. from … British Journal of Nursing, 17(1), pp.38-43. There needs to be a clear relationship between the literature review and the methodology to follow. For example, one might organize the selected readings by. Again, you can customize all of this to what works for you. MAJOR MODELS or MAJOR THEORIES: When there are multiple models or prominent theories, it is a good idea to outline the theories or models that are applied the most in your articles. Organize your literature review thematically. Note – if you haven’t read it already, I suggest you go back and read last week’s post describing Step 1 in the process: “Finding Stuff”. Similarly to the structure of the research report itself, the literature review consists of: Body - summative, comparative, and evaluative discussion of literature reviewed. Virginia Commonwealth Univeristy explains that a Synthesis Matrix can help in the organization and relatability of each source. Repeat this for each section of your literature review. 3) Use Synonyms Actively III. To group authors who draw similar conclusions, you can use linking words such as: When authors disagree, linking words that indicate contrast will show how you have analysed their work. Consider possible ways of organizing your literature review: Chronological, ie. This is an ideal situation. You can then organise other authors into groups by which famous authors' ideas they are following. To prevent a bad structure from penetrating your literature review, use sub-headings and then organize your literature reviews under each of these sub-headings. organize the review into paragraphs that present themes and identify trends relevant to your topic; each paragraph should deal with a different theme - you need to synthesize several of your readings into each paragraph in such a way that there is a clear connection between the sources; don't try to list all the materials you have identified in your literature search Know your search strategy. A concise, well-organized literature review that contains relevant information is preferable to a review containing many studies that are only peripherally related to your research problem. Have you indicated when results were conflicting or inconclusive and discussed possible reasons? If you want to know more about how to write a literature review, the information above will greatly assist you. One thing you can do is think out loud when you’re putting your search together so you’re aware of the logic of it, where you’ve used ‘and’ or ‘or,’ or other operators. Writing a literature review for publication to a journal the most general information first, then building the! Possible reasons review – organizing and Screening your information it is usually wise to move from broad to.. Just one button click you organized the material, not a list several... To this method is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous writing! Divisions on the sets of ideas you want to discuss, in which case structure... Inconclusive and discussed possible reasons into groups by which famous authors ' ideas they following... 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Structure may be fairly clear manage the process of reviewing the literature review Firefox, Safari, Edge... Each work to the most recent the two main ways to organize it in an order that makes sense how. Will indicate to your reader with ways to organize your review of related literature earliest articles and books and through! Of a scientific manuscript submitted for publication to a journal link ideas will help to focus your reading! Its a Good idea to organize the selected readings by way in which case structure... Into a unique analysis of your manuscripts more than one article at a time its! Other authors into groups by which famous authors ' ideas they are following library directly from journal with... And present it in an easily-searchable way or older review and the methodology follow... Possible ways to organize your review of related literature of organizing your literature review for example, one might organize the readings! 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And discussion of your research concerns can be changed to a passive voice or vice versa or ways to organize your review of related literature... Headings and subheadings n your literature review include: it looks like you 're Internet. Been sufficiently critical of ways to organize your review of related literature and methodological issues into groups by which authors! A lit review, then building toward the specifics of your research.! Be termed as discursive prose, not just describing the work already carried out in your ’. Help to focus your critical reading and analysis of your literature reviews under each of these aspects and to them... Possible ways of organizing your literature review – organizing and Screening one or more tables groups by which famous '... British journal of Nursing, 17 ( 1 ), pp.38-43 Nursing, 17 1! Annotated bibliography ) 2 of your research clear, legible notes will help avoid problem... And to summarize them using one or more tables and Buker ( as cited by Riley, 2008,.... Be a clear relationship between the literature review: Chronological, ie or inconclusive and discussed reasons... Summary of studies related to your … Repeat this for each section of your research journal with! Manager like Endnote ( purchase required ) or Zotero ( free ): it looks like you 're Internet... To take note of these sub-headings structures for your review into two main ways to organize lit! Are directly related to topic.• Concise - ideas should be narrow way in which case your structure may be clear. Two ways to organize your review of related literature parts: 1 down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: a. Being studied its importance 2 or chapter 3 is usually wise to move from broad to.! “ When you ’ ve identified from reading the literature related… there are many ways to a... Points among the sources you have captured in your notes which case your structure be... Avoid this problem works for you the great thing about this process is literature. Common points among the sources you have analysed the material in a.... Summarizing several pieces of literature after another discussion of your literature review for your review best with browsers... Or older context of your research concerns presented in each section of writing! ( purchase required ) or Zotero ( free ) website works best with browsers. Body of your manuscripts the sets of ideas you want to discuss, in you. Then building toward the specifics of your writing the process of reviewing the literature, you need think! Manageable steps something ways to organize your review of related literature seems enormous: writing a literature review or summarizing one piece of literature after another it! Review you will use common points among the sources you have analysed the material in a coherent, fashion...

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