national park definition

National park definition, an area of scenic beauty, historical importance, or the like, owned and maintained by a national government for the use of the people. Great Britain established the administrative machinery for both national parks and nature reserves in 1949. National park, an area set aside by a national government for the preservation of the natural environment. It is generally thought that the concept of a park or nature reserve under state ownership originated in the United States in 1870 and that the world’s first such park was Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, created through legislation signed by U.S. Pres. Many national parks are created to preserve the natural environment. The national park system was expanded during the following decades, and the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) was created in 1916 to administer the parks. In 1969, the IUCN declared a national park to be a relatively large area with the following defining characteristics: ‘The country has established national parks and game reserves where these animals are protected.’ ‘This rule is set by the national parks general policy and approved by the Conservation Authority.’ ‘We have also heard that if the area is made a national park, we will all be … National parks are the best idea we ever had. Meaning of kings canyon national park. Change your default dictionary to American English. In 1926, the government of South Africa designated Kruger National Park as the nation's first national park, although it was an expansion of the earlier Sabie Game Reserve established in 1898 by President Paul Kruger of the old South African Republic, after whom the park was named. In 1973, Mount Kilimanjaro was classified as a National Park and was opened to public access in 1977. The first one established (in … America's parks are so popular that they are being harmed by the number of visitors and their cars. National Park Service (NPS), agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior that manages and maintains several hundred national parks, monuments, historical sites, and other designated properties of the federal government. The National Park Foundation is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization. Un parc national est un territoire sur lequel la conservation de la faune, de la flore, du sol, du sous-sol, de l'atmosphère, des eaux et en général d'un milieu naturel présente un intérêt spécial. [9], In 1810, the English poet William Wordsworth described the Lake District as a "sort of national property, in which every man has a right and interest who has an eye to perceive and a heart to enjoy. Some governments provide their park systems with large enough budgets to make possible strict enforcement of regulations; others do not. [25][26], In 1872, Yellowstone National Park was established as the United States' first national park,[27] being also the world's first national park. Established under the umbrella of the Department of the Interior, the NPS was responsible for protecting the 40 national parks and monuments then in existence. [44] The term national park is perceived as a brand name that is associated with nature-based tourism and it symbolizes a "high quality natural environment with a well-designed tourist infrastructure". A public discussion followed this first legislation of its kind and there was a heated debate over whether the government had the right to create parks. It was established in 1916 by an act of the U.S. Congress that was signed into law by U.S. Pres. There are many National Parks in the world. National Park News. In addition to national parks, the system included national preserves, monuments, recreation areas, seashores, lakeshores, historic parks and sites, parkways, scenic trails, and battlefields. Find the latest news and events, search for images and videos, and discover facts and figures about the national … The smallest official national park in the world is Isles des Madeleines National Park. Gulez, Sumer (1992). Sometimes the government already owns the land. Pipestone National Monument continues to be a place for generations of American Indians to share thousands of years of tradition. Noun 1. A national park is an area set aside by a country’s government. To try to stop this, the National Park Service encourages the development of … In Europe, the first national parks were a set of nine parks in Sweden in 1909, followed by the Swiss National Park in 1914. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Die International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) verwendet ein 1978 eingeführtes und 1994 überarbeitetes System, in welchem National Parks die Kategorie II der Schutzgebiete bilden. A national park may be set aside for purposes of public recreation and enjoyment or because of its historical or scientific interest. Learn more. [1], An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas. Yellowstone National Park soon played a pivotal role in the conservation of these national treasures, as it was suffering at the hands of poachers and others who stood at the ready to pillage what they could from the area. 2. National park definition is - an area of special scenic, historical, or scientific importance set aside and maintained by a national government and in the U.S. by an act of Congress. [19][20][21] It was known as Hot Springs Reservation, but no legal authority was established. Banff National Park became Canada's first national park in 1885. Most national park landscapes are kept in their natural state. Partly inspired by the American example, movements in favour of national parks sprang up in many other countries, beginning with Canada, which established its first three national parks in the mid-1880s. By the early 21st century the NPS administered more than 400 separate areas constituting about 85 million acres (34 million hectares). Federal control of the area was not clearly established until 1877. The state of California was designated to manage the park for "public use, resort, and recreation". In Costa Rica for example, a megadiverse country, tourism to parks has increased by 400% from 1985 to 1999. This lets them see the park while it minimizes their contact with the wildlife. Although individual nations designate their own national parks differently, there is a common idea: the conservation of 'wild nature' for posterity and as a symbol of national pride. Africa's first national park was established in 1925 when Albert I of Belgium designated an area of what is now Democratic Republic of Congo centred on the Virunga Mountains as the Albert National Park (since renamed Virunga National Park). [44], Tourism to national parks has increased considerably over time. The national parks of various countries differ greatly in their effectiveness in protecting their resources. Australia’s six Commonwealth National Parks, the Australian National Botanic Gardens and 58 Commonwealth Marine Parks protect some of the country’s most stunning natural areas and Aboriginal heritage. A national park is a park or a area of land officially recognized and protected by a nation 's government. There are many National Parks in the world. [4] Although Yellowstone was not officially termed a "national park" in its establishing law, it was always termed such in practice[5] and is widely held to be the first and oldest national park in the world. "[15] The painter George Catlin, in his travels through the American West, wrote during the 1830s that the Native Americans in the United States might be preserved "(by some great protecting policy of government) ... in a magnificent park ... A nation's Park, containing man and beast, in all the wild and freshness of their nature's beauty!"[16]. Theodore Roosevelt and his newly formed Boone and Crockett Club successfully took the lead in protecting Yellowstone National Park from this plight, resulting in laws designed to conserve the natural resources in Yellowstone and other parks under the Government's purview. To these areas of natural beauty have been added such large recreation facilities as…, …set aside large tracts as national parks, game reserves, or forest reserves. Yellowstone was part of a federally governed territory. Omissions? Many of North America’s finest national parks, national monuments, and wilderness areas are in the ranges of the Rocky Mountains and in the Colorado Plateau. Category II areas are typically large and conserve a functioning “ecosystem”, although to be able to achieve this, the protected area may need to be complemented by sympathetic management in surrounding areas. [47] They control traffic and investigate violations, complaints, trespass/encroachment, and accidents. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A national park is a park or a area of land officially recognized and protected by a nation's government. Definition and synonyms of national park from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. The area should contain representative examples of major natural regions, and biological and environmental features or scenery, where native plant and animal species, habitats and geodiversity sites are of special spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational or tourist significance. about team map tallamy's hub get started events partner resources about team map tallamy's hub get started events partner resources. This involves functions such as park conservation; natural, historical, and cultural resource management; and the development and operation of interpretive and recreational programs for the benefit of the visiting public. With no state government that could assume stewardship of the land, the federal government took on direct responsibility for the park, the official first national park of the United States. [3], While this type of national park had been proposed previously, the United States established the first "public park or pleasuring-ground for the benefit and enjoyment of the people", Yellowstone National Park, in 1872. Ulysses S. Grant in 1872. Grundwissen kindgerecht, alles leicht verständlich und gut für Referate in der Schule. [40] Canada now has the largest protected area in the world with 450,000 km2 of national park space. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. What does kings canyon national park mean? In some European and Asian countries, however, national protection and nature reserves already existed, such as a part of the Forest of Fontainebleau (France, 1861).[28]. [36], In 1989, the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve (QNNP) was created to protect 3.381 million hectares on the north slope of Mount Everest in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). homegrown national park™ is a grassroots call-to-action to restore biodiversity and ecosystem function by planting native plants and creating new ecological networks. The first effort by the U.S. Federal government to set aside such protected lands was on 20 April 1832, when President Andrew Jackson signed legislation that the 22nd United States Congress had enacted to set aside four sections of land around what is now Hot Springs, Arkansas, to protect the natural, thermal springs and adjoining mountainsides for the future disposal of the U.S. In Australia, what is now Royal National Park was established just south of Sydney on 26 April 1879, becoming the world's second official national park[32] Since Mackinac lost its national park status, Royal National Park is, by some considerations, the second oldest national park now in existence.[31][33][34]. [23][24], President Abraham Lincoln signed an Act of Congress on 1 July 1864, ceding the Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Grove of giant sequoias (later becoming Yosemite National Park) to the state of California. [9] In Canada, there are both national parks operated by the federal government and provincial or territorial parks operated by the provincial and territorial governments, although nearly all are still national parks by the IUCN definition. Top 10 Biggest National Parks in India Its area of just .45 square kilometres (0.17 sq mi) was established as a national park in 1976. [30][31]), Following the idea established in Yellowstone and Mackinac, there soon followed parks in other nations. [46], Park used for conservation purposes of animal life and plants, First efforts: Hot Springs, Arkansas and Yosemite Valley, First national park in the United States: Yellowstone, Europarc Federation (eds.) Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The perceived mismanagement of Yosemite by the Californian state was the reason why Yellowstone, at its establishment six years later, was put under national control. Japan and Mexico established their first national parks in the 1930s, but interest in parks generally came later in Asia and Latin America than it did in the Anglo-American countries and Europe. A method of evaluating areas for national park status. [37], The world's first national park service was established May 19, 1911, in Canada. Parc national : définition, synonymes, citations, traduction dans le dictionnaire de la langue française. Gissibl, B., S. Höhler and P. Kupper, 2012. This paradox is usually resolved by allowing visitors to travel only within limited areas in the park. National parks are often made to protect the animals that live inside them or the land itself. [35] Europe has some 359 national parks as of 2010. Meaning of national park. Absolutely American, absolutely democratic, they reflect us at our best rather than our worst. Definition of national park in the Definitions.net dictionary. See also conservation; nature reserve; national forest. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/national-park, The Canadian Encyclopedia - National Parks of Canada, Smithsonian Channel - Aerial America - One of Nature's Most Amazing Sights, Smithsonian Channel - Utah's Otherworldly Landscapes, Smithsonian Channel - White Mountain National Forest, Smithsonian Channel - Denali, mountain, Alaska, United States, Smithsonian Channel - Take a Trip to Glacier National Park. government. A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes, created and protected by national governments. Visitors are allowed to enter, under special conditions, for inspirational, educative, cultural, and recreative purposes. Argentina became the third country in the Americas to create a national park system, with the creation of the Nahuel Huapi National Park in 1934, through the initiative of Francisco Moreno. The largest national park in the world meeting the IUCN definition is the Northeast Greenland National Park, which was established in 1974 and is 972,000 km2 (375,000 sq mi) in area. The 64th United States Congress passed the National Park Service Organic Act, which President Woodrow Wilson signed into law on 25 August 1916. The first area to use "national park" in its creation legislation was the U.S.'s Mackinac National Park, in 1875. Museo privato Agriturismo Maria Sofia di Borbone, Azienda Agricola Le Tre Querce, Seminara, Calabria, organised by the Study Centre for Environmental Education in the Mediterranean Area of Reggio, Italy. 184: An Act authorizing a Grant to the State of California of the "Yo-Semite Valley" and of the Land embracing the "Mariposa Big Tree Grove" (June 30, 1864)", Yellowstone, the First National Park from Mapping the National Parks, "Famous Quotes Concerning the National Parks: Wallace Stegner, 1983", "1879: Australia's first national park created", "Parks Canada celebrates a century of discovery", "National Park System (U.S. National Park Service)", Magdalen Islands (Iles de la Madeleine) in Senegal. The conservation of vegetation…, …Rica has developed the largest national park system, relative to its size, of any Latin American country. The United Kingdom designated its first national park, Peak District National Park, in 1951. These writers and artists influenced the ideals of the American conservation movement.Many Americans at the time also believed in Manifes… They are managed by Parks Australia. Daniel C. Taylor, Carl E. Taylor, Jesse O. Taylor, International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920", Report of the Superintendent of Yellowstone National Park for the Year 1872, "The 10 Oldest National Parks in the World", "The World's Most Beautiful National Parks", https://www.fondazionecariforli.it/downloads/files/3-La-regia-caccia-di-torre-guevara-nel-settecento.pdf, "Hot Springs of Arkansas Through the Years: A Chronology of Events", "Twenty-Second Congress, Session 1, Chap. National parks are often made to protect the animals that live inside them or the land itself. Today's system of national parks in the United States was created on August 25, 1916, when President Woodrow Wilson signed the Organic Act creating the National Park Service (NPS). 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